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Archive for July, 2007

Chronic Pain Cuases Drug Dependency

Friday, July 20th, 2007

According to the American Pain Foundation (APF), it is estimated that more than 76 million American adults have experienced pain that lasted for more than 24 hours, 42 percent (almost 32 million) of those 76 million adults report having had pain that endured for a year or longer.

A National Institute of Health Statistics (NIHS) survey indicated that lower back pain is the most common type of chronic pain, followed by severe/migraine headaches and neck pain.
The APF identifies back pain as the leading cause of disability among American adults under the age of 45.
The APF has also reported that adults who suffer from lower back pain are more than four times as likely to experience “serious psychological distress” as are individuals who do not suffer from this type of chronic pain.

Pain-killing drugs to which many individuals have become addicted include Vicodin, OxyContin, Percocet, Darvocet, and Fentanyl.

DEVELOPING DEPENDENCIES

In a society in which unregulated Internet pharmacies have made acquiring prescription drugs as easy as ordering from an online catalog, it may come as little surprise that thousands of suffering Americans are attempting to self-medicate their pain away. However, as many have discovered, taking highly addictive medications without the advice or supervision of a health care provider can cause many more problems than it solves.

A Jan. 4, 2008 article on the ABC News website referred to painkiller abuse as “America’s stealth addiction.” Citing statistics provided by the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), writer Russell Goldman noted that in 2005 the estimated number of people who used prescription painkillers for nonmedical reasons (5.2 million) was more than double the estimated 2.4 million individuals who used cocaine.

Though not all of these off-label or recreational uses of prescription painkillers can be attributed to struggles with chronic pain, evidence indicates that many individuals develop dependency after using the drugs for legitimate purposes.

In her article on the website of the National Pain Foundation, Dr. Jennifer P. Schneider writes that chronic pain is “notoriously under-treated,” and that the most common reasons patients gave for changing doctors included “too much pain,” and “the belief that the doctor didn’t take their pain seriously enough.”

Various experts cite the following as signs that the proper use of pain-killing medication has morphed into dependency or addiction:

Needing increasingly larger doses to achieve the same level of comfort
Undergoing changes in personality and withdrawing from family, friends, and social situations one previously enjoyed
Expressing a need for continued medication long after the injury for which the drugs were initially prescribed has healed
“Doctor shopping,” going online, or taking other steps to get more pain medication than was originally prescribed
Experiencing blackouts, memory loss, or forgetfulness

GETTING HELP

Some people who abuse prescription painkillers are able to overcome their addictions through counseling, participation in 12-step support groups, or outpatient therapy – but more severe cases may merit hospitalization or a stay in a residential treatment facility.

In addition to traditional rehabilitation efforts, which address a wide range of substance abuse disorders, some programs are designed specifically for individuals who are suffering from chronic pain and related dependencies.